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International Essay Competition 2011
Youth Migration
Young people are on the move. Improvements in transportation, technology development and increased international trade, as well as issues such as unemployment, war, health and economic hardship have prompted more young people to migrate within and across national borders in search of work, education and a better quality of life. The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) estimates that young people between 15 and 30 years of age account for about one-third of all migrants
Nearly all young people are affected by migration in some way. Some are migrants themselves or are considering migrating abroad or within their home country. Others experience migration through the departure of friends or family members, and still others, in receiving countries, encounter the political debate on immigration and integration policies in their country and may experience cohabitation with new immigrants. Young people are major stakeholders in migration and yet youth are largely absent in the debate on international migration policies and the effects of migration on development.
The World Bank International Essay Competition 2011 would like to hear your views on the opportunities, challenges and implications of youth migration.
Questions to address in your essay / video :
1) How has migration (international or internal, in a sending or a receiving country) affected you, your family, your community, or your country?
2) How do you perceive the benefits of migration (increased opportunities for young people, remittances) versus the risks (brain drain, illegal immigration and exploitation of young immigrants)?
3) What actions can you recommend for broadening opportunities for young migrants in their countries of destination and their countries of origin?
We encourage you to draw on personal experiences when possible and focus on providing your own creative solutions for managing migration in a way that most benefits young people. You do not have to be a migrant yourself to respond on this essay, as you may refer to the experience of your friends and family or other migrants who enter, leave or move within your country. As migration is a multi-dimensional issue, please feel free to explore any aspect of migration that you relate to most, such as :
Rural to urban migration
international migration policy
role of diasporas
forced migration
integration of immigrants
migration and development
skilled migration / brain drain
• Submissions will be accepted until March 17, 2011.
• Each participant may submit entries in more than one category, but only one submission per category is allowed. This means that you may submit one essay and one video (although, of course, you can choose to submit, for example, only an essay), but you may not submit, for example, two essays.
• The essay competition is open for nationals of ALL countries of the world, students and non-students alike.  Participants must be between the ages 18-25 on May 15, 2011.  Students enrolled in Ph.D. courses are, however, not eligible to participate.
If you were a finalist or winner of a previous edition of the World Bank International Essay Competition, you are no longer eligible to compete.
• Essays must not be longer than 4,000 words. Videos must not be longer than 2 minutes. There is no minimum length.
• Submissions can only be made online, in English, French, or Spanish. Essays are submitted via the Essay Competition website and videos are submitted via YouTube. Each participant must fill in a submission form on the Essay Competition website.
• Each essay must be accompanied by a summary (max. 250 words). The summary will be used by the jury to make a pre-selection.
• All submissions will be blind reviewed. References to specific individuals, firms, or schools, which might reveal the author's identity, are discouraged. It is not allowed to indicate your name anywhere on your work.
• Quotes and references must be clearly marked throughout the essay and properly cited.
• All submissions must be original. No previously published material will be accepted. Any form of plagiarism will result in automatic disqualification. Please note that all essays will be screened with specialized software to verify plagiarism.
• Essays are accepted in the .doc or .pdf format.
• The World Bank reserves the right to publish and/or to make available to the public the winning submissions. The World Bank reserves the right to modify the format and content of the submissions for publication purposes.
• The decision of the Jury is final and is not subject to an appeal.
• Participants (but not winners or finalists) of the previous editions of the Essay Competition are also encouraged to apply.
• Active (between the time of essay submission and the Final Jury in May 2011), paid staff (term or open-ended) of partner organizations (see list) of the 2011 Essay Competition are not eligible to participate.




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